Adhesion dentistry focuses on bonding to the teeth parts, particularly the enamel and dentin, simply called dental bonding. The procedure usually involves placing a tooth-colored material and holding it in place with a special blue light. The primary aim is to enhance the teeth’s appearance.
Scientists in adhesive dentistry study the nature and power of bonds to the hard enamel layer, the characteristics of the adhesives, factors responsible for bond failure, scientific methods for bonding and the latest uses of bonding, including bonding to soft tissues. Nowadays, dental practitioners now have access to better bonding material due to the outcome of continuous research and developments. Practitioners, manufacturers and researchers all belong to the International Academy of Adhesive Dentistry.
Bonding with dental material has enabled clinicians to save a significant part of the tooth structure and scrape or cut less tooth material when reconstructing or preparing a dental filling. With adhesion dentistry, dentists now have access to a wider variety of treatment options for patients when restoring or fixing impaired teeth.
Application of dental bonding
Dental bonding is an efficient, cost-effective way of fixing imperfections on the teeth. It has the ability:
- To fill small spaces between the teeth
- To alter the shape of the tooth
- To repair decayed teeth
- To hide discolorations
- To fix chips or breakages on the teeth
- To cover tooth roots exposed by receding gums
- To elongate the teeth to match other teeth
How the dental bonding procedure works
The process of dental bonding is easy and straightforward. There is no anesthesia required unless the bonding is being applied to restore a decayed tooth. To match the color of the existing teeth, the dental expert will use a shade guide to choose the resin color. First, the surface of the teeth will be roughened and a conditioning material will be used on the teeth to help the binding material stick to the tooth.
Afterward, the resin will be placed on the teeth, molded and filed to the dentist’s preferred shape. Laser or ultraviolet light will be applied to solidify the resin, then the dentist will file and contour the bonding properly before polishing it to look similar to the rest of the teeth. The procedure should take no more than one hour for each tooth. Since anesthesia is not applicable, you should be able to resume your usual routine quickly after the dental bonding process.
Although adhesive dentistry has no significant disadvantages, the procedure has certain limitations. The resin used in dental bonding is not as sturdy as the healthy teeth, so biting on hard substances or food may damage the bond.
What is the takeaway here?
If you discover that you have a discolored, decayed or chipped tooth, then you may be the perfect candidate for dental bonding. Aside from covering minor imperfections, it can also be used to fill dental cavities. As time goes by, the bonding may need to be reinforced or replaced, but it is quite difficult for the bond to fail or break off because the resin fused to the tooth is long lasting.
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